Martha, the Last Passenger Pigeon, Dies

September 1, 1914

Martha, the last known passenger pigeon, dies at the Cincinnati Zoo. Although an attempt was made in 1857 to protect the pigeons, the Ohio state senate decided the bird wasn’t threatened. Their numbers faded until they were eventually hunted to extinction.

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Gaddafi Takes Power

September 5, 1969

While Libyan King Idris is in Turkey for an operation, Muammar Gaddafi leads a group of junior military officers in a bloodless coup. Gaddafi goes on to establish the Libyan Arab Republic (later called the Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya), a nation based on his anti-western, pan-arab political philosophy, and sponsor¬†numerous terrorist attacks and terrorist organizations.

In the 2000s, he eventually rejects his terrorist past, makes financial payouts to the victims of his attacks and is ironically considered to be a partner in the fight against terrorism.¬†Gaddafi’s regime will finally be toppled in 2011, when Libyan rebels, working together with Nato air support, defeat Gaddafi’s forces as part of the so-called Arab Spring.

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