Author Archives: julien


January 13, 1898

Emile Zola’s open letter entitled J’accuse (“I accuse”), censures president Felix Faure and the French government for convicting an innocent man because of his religion and then covering up the scandal, thus exposing the Dreyfus affair.

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Guilty Until Proven Guilty

January 9, 1431

The judges’ investigations in the heresy trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupational government.

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